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Formula FX® (Friction Modifier)



Advancing Friction Performance
Designed to meet the rigorous requirements of the Friction Industry, Formula FX® is available in a variety of grades, each with distinct performance characteristics to satisfy specific industry applications, as well as special engineering requirements.

Offering improved product performance in new generation friction materials, some products in the Formula FX® family utilize a proprietary thermal purification process. This unique technology delivers the ultimate level of quality and performance required of these specialized friction products.

This family of materials utilizes a variety of carbonaceous materials, from synthetic to crystalline flake graphite to calcined petroleum cokes, to offer a full spectrum of friction modifier materials, each with specialized performance and durability characteristics designed to meet specific industry requirements in every category.





Amorphous Graphite  · Calcined Petroleum Coke  · Flake Graphite  · Purified Flake Graphite  · Purified Synthetic Graphite  · Synthetic Graphite  · Vein Graphite

Amorphous Graphite

Characteristics (Amorphous Graphite)

Carbon (LOI): 60 - 80%
Grain Size Distribution: Varies upon grade

Appearance (Amorphous Graphite)

Amorphous graphite is microcrystalline in structure. Normally found as massive lumps with flat fracture cleavage. Formed by thermal metamorphism of coal seams, its carbon content is dependent on the parent material.

SEM (Amorphous Graphite)



Calcined Petroleum Coke

Characteristics (Calcined Petroleum Coke)

Carbon (LOI): 99.0% min.
Grain Size Distribution: Varies upon grade

Appearance (Calcined Petroleum Coke)

Calcined petroleum coke is formed from the by-product of crude oil distillation. Available in wide ranges of types and morphologies to meet the application, these materials have a dark, flat sheen. They are high in carbon but have reduced lubrication, electrical and thermal conductivity properties.

SEM (Calcined Petroleum Coke)



Flake Graphite

Characteristics (Flake Graphite)

Carbon (LOI): 80 - 99%
Grain Size Distribution: Varies upon grade

Appearance (Flake Graphite)

Crystalline flake graphite can be recognized by its high metallic sheen, and plate like particle morphology. It is formed in metamorphic rock, in concentrations of 5 - 12% of the ore body. This is the most widely available crystalline form of natural graphite.

SEM (Flake Graphite)



Purified Flake Graphite

Characteristics (Purified Flake Graphite)

Carbon (LOI): 99.7 - 99.9%
Grain Size Distribution: Varies upon grade

Appearance (Purified Flake Graphite) - Formula FX®

This material has a silvery sheen after purification. It has excellent thermal and electrical properties, and enhanced lubrication properties as a result of the impurities such as quartz, and iron being removed during the high temperature processing.

SEM (Purified Flake Graphite)



Purified Synthetic Graphite

Characteristics (Synthetic Graphite)

Carbon (LOI): 99.7 - 99.9%
Grain Size Distribution: Varies upon grade

Appearance (Synthetic Graphite) - Formula FX®

This material can have a needle-like or blocky structure, with a shiny sheen after purification. The thermal purification process removes hard particulate such as silicon carbide and iron carbides that are typically present from conventional electrode manufacturing. This material exhibits excellent lubrication, and electrical conductivity properties.

SEM (Synthetic Graphite)



Synthetic Graphite

Characteristics (Synthetic Graphite)

Carbon (LOI): 98.0 - 99.7%
Grain Size Distribution: Varies upon grade

Appearance (Synthetic Graphite)

Synthetic Graphite, sometimes referred to as artificial graphite, is the by-product of graphite electrode manufacturing. It has a dark gray to black, flat appearance. Manufactured from calcined petroleum cokes, and graphitized at temperatures above 2700 deg Celsius, these materials offer high purity, excellent lubrication, and electrical conductivity.

SEM (Synthetic Graphite)



Vein Graphite

Characteristics (Vein Graphite)

Carbon (LOI): 90 - 99%
Grain Size Distribution: Varies upon grade

Appearance (Vein Graphite)

Crystalline vein graphite can be recognized by its light metallic sheen and needle-like particle morphology. It is found in fissures, fractures, or cavities transversing igneous and metamorphic rocks through pyrolysis of carbon-bearing gases. It is the most pure and highest level of crystallinity of the natural graphites, as well as the most rare.

SEM (Vein Graphite)